The Moon-god

Gen. James Green

A RCHEOLOGY of the Middle East has discovered, rather uncovered, temples to the moon-god. R.A. Morey writes:

“From the mountains of Turkey to the banks of the Nile, the most wide-spread religion of the ancient world was the worship of the Moon-god. In the first literate civilization, the Sumerians have left us thousands of clay tablets in which they described their religious beliefs. As demonstrated by Sjoberg and Hall, the ancient Sumerians worshipped a Moon-god who was called many different names. The most popular names were Nanna, Suen and Asimbabbar. His symbol was the crescent moon. Given the amount of artifacts concerning the worship of this Moon-god, it is clear that this was the dominant religion in Sumeria. The cult of the Moon-god was the most popular religion throughout ancient Mesopotamia. The Assyrians, Babylonians, and the Akkadians took the word Suen and transformed it into the word Sin as their favorite name for the Moon-god. As Prof. Potts pointed out, “Sin is a name essentially Sumerian in origin which had been borrowed by the Semites.”

In ancient Syria and Canna, the Moon-god Sin was usually represented by the moon in its crescent phase. At times the full moon was placed inside the crescent moon to emphasize all the phases of the moon. The sun-goddess was the wife of Sin and the stars were their daughters. For example, Istar was a daughter of Sin. Sacrifices to the Moon-god are described in the Pas Shamra texts. In the Ugaritic texts, the Moon-god was sometimes called Kusuh. In Persia, as well as in Egypt, the Moon-god is depicted on wall murals and on the heads of statues. He was the Judge of men and gods. The Old Testament constantly rebuked the worship of the Moon-god (see: Deut. 4:19; 17:3; II Kgs. 21:3, 5; 23:5; Jer. 8:2; 19:13; Zeph. 1:5, etc.). When Israel fell into idolatry, it was usually the cult of the Moon-god.

As a matter of fact, EVERYWHERE IN THE ANCIENT WORLD, THE SYMBOL OF THE CRESCENT MOON CAN BE FOUND on seal impressions, steles, pottery, amulets, clay tablets, cylinders, weights, earrings, necklaces, wall murals, etc. In Tell-el-Obeid, a copper calf was found with a crescent moon on its forehead. An idol with the body of a bull and the head of man has a crescent moon inlaid on its forehead with shells. In Ur, the Stela of Ur-Nammu has the crescent symbol placed at the top of the register of gods because the Moon-god was the head of the gods. Even bread was baked in the form of a crescent as an act of devotion to the Moon-god. The Ur of the Chaldees was so devoted to the Moon-god that it was sometimes called Nannar in tablets from that time period.

A temple of the Moon-god has been excavated in Ur by Sir Leonard Woolley. He dug up many examples of moon worship in Ur and these are displayed in the British Museum to this day. Harran was likewise noted for its devotion to the Moon-god. In the 1950's a major temple to the Moon-god was excavated at Hazer in Palestine. Two idols of the moon god were found. Each was a statue of man sitting upon a throne with a crescent moon carved on his chest. The accompanying inscriptions make it clear that these were idols of the Moon-god; Several smaller statues were also found which were identified by their inscriptions as the “daughters” of the Moon-god. What about Arabia?”


“SIN, THE NAME of the moon-god in Babylonia and Assyria, aka Nanna, the “illuminer.” The two chief seats of his worship were Ur, and Harran considerably to the north, but the “cult” at an early period spread to other centers, and temples to the moon-god are found in all the large cities of Babylonia and Assyria.” This was reported by Morris Jastrow, PH.D., prof. of Semitic Languages, Univ. of PA., in his book “Religion of the Babylonians and Assyrians” (reported in The Ency. Brit., 11th Ed. 1911).

Muslims, for the most part, deny that their (false god) Allah is the same as the Moon-god, but evidence reveals a different picture. Evidence gathered from both North and South Arabia shows that Moon-god worship was very active in Muhammad’s day (a dominant “cult”).

While the name “Sin” was used, his title was al-ilah, i.e., “The deity,” meaning that he was THE chief or high-god among gods (The god “IL” or “Ilah” was originally a term used of the “Moon-god”).

360 gods

WE KNOW that the Arabs worshiped 360 gods, the Moon-god being supreme (found at the Kabah in Mecca). In fact, Mecca was built as a shrine for this Moon-god, which, even today, is Islam’s most sacred site.

According to G. C. Thompson, in her book, “The Tombs and Moon Temple of Hureidna,” she relates that a temple had been discovered and uncovered dedicated to the Moon-god in Saudi Arabia. She relates that the symbols of the crescent moon and had 21 inscriptions with the name “Sin.”


DUMB CHRISTIANS believe that “Allah” (Islam’s god) are one and the same. Many Politically Correct Muslims push this big LIE. The Moon-god was called al-ilah, i.e., “the god,” which was shortened to “Allah” in pre-Islamic times.

The pagan (Arabs) gave their children that name. The fact that they were given such names by their (pagan) parents proves that “ALLAH” WAS THE TITLE FOR THE MOON-GOD.

An Egyptian monolith

DURING THE nineteenth century, Amaud, Halevy and Glaser went to Southern Arabia and dug up thousands of Sabean, Minaean, and Qatabanian inscriptions which were subsequently translated. In the 1940's, the archeologists G. Caton Thompson and Carleton S. Coon made some amazing discoveries in Arabia. During the 1950's, Wendell Phillips, W. F. Albright, Richard Bower and others excavated sites at Qataban, Timna, and Marib (the ancient capital of Sheba). Thousands of inscriptions from walls and rocks in Northern Arabia have also been collected. Reliefs and votive bowls used in worship of the “daughters of Allah” have also been discovered. The three daughters, al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat are sometimes depicted together with Allah the Moon-god represented by a crescent moon above them. The archeological evidence demonstrates that the dominant religion of Arabia was the cult of the Moon-god.

In Old Testament times, Nabonidus (555-539 BC), the last king of Babylon, built Tayma, Arabia as a center of Moon-god worship. Segall stated, “South Arabia’s stellar religion has always been dominated by the Moon-god in various variations.” Many scholars have also noticed that the Moon-God’s name “Sin” is a part of such Arabic words as “Sinai,” the wilderness of Sin,” etc.


EN-ZU, i.e., “lord of Wisdom,” were also found. During the periods (c. 260-2400 B.C.) that Ur exercised a large measure of supremacy over the Euphrates valley; “Sin” was naturally regarded as the HEAD of the pantheon. It is to this period that we must trace such designations of the god as “father of the gods,” “chief of the gods,” “creator of all things.”

With all this evidence, we can conclude (maybe) that the cult of the Moon-god was brought into Babylonia by the Semitic nomads from Arabia (at least some archeologists think so). So we have the “Moon-god” and we have the “Sun-god” (chief god of an agricultural people).


THE NAME of “Sin’s” chief sanctuary at Ur was E-gish-shir-gal, “house of the great light,” that at Harran was known as E-khul-khul, “house of joys.” On seal-cylinders he is represented as an old man with flowing beard, with the crescent as his symbol. In the astral-theological system he is represented by the number 30, and the planet Venus as his daughter by the number 15. The number 30 stands in connection with the 30 days in the average extend of his cause until he stands again in conjunction with the sun.

The “Wisdom” personified by the Moon-god is likewise an expression of the science of astrology in which the observation of the moon’s phases are important factors. Hence, the tendency to centralize the power of the universe leads to the establishment of the doctrine of a triad consisting of Sin, Shamash and Ishtar, personifying the moon-sun-earth as the lifeforce.


“WHY IS Allah never defined in the Qur’an? Why did Muhammad assume that the pagan Arabs already knew who Allah was?” Muhammad was raised in the religion of the Moon-god Allah. But he went one step further than his fellow pagan Arabs. While they believed that Allah, i.e. the Moon-god, was the greatest of all gods and the supreme deity in a pantheon of deities, Muhammad decided that Allah was not only the greatest god but the only god. In effect he said, “Look, you already believe that the Moon-god Allah is the greatest of all gods. All I want you to do is to accept the idea that he is the only god. I am not taking away the Allah you already worship. I am only taking away his wife and his daughters and all the other gods.” This is seen from the fact that the first point of the Muslim creed is not, “Allah is great,” but “Allah is the greatest,” i.e., he is the greatest among the gods. Why would Muhammad say that Allah is the “greatest” except in a polytheistic context? The Arabic word is used to contrast the greater from the lesser. That this is true is seen from the fact that the pagan Arabs never accused Muhammad of preaching a DIFFERENT Allah than the one they already worshipped. This “Allah” was the Moon-god according to the archeological evidence. Muhammad thus attempted to have it both ways. To the pagans, he said that he still believed in the Moon-god Allah. To the Jews and the Christians, he said that Allah was their God too. But both the Jews and the Christians knew better and that is why they rejected his god Allah as a false god.

Al-Kindi, one of the early Christian apologists against Islam, pointed out that Islam and its god Allah did not come from the Bible, but from the paganism of the Sabeans. They did not worship the God of the Bible but the Moon-god and his 3 daughters al-Uzza, al-Lat and Manat (all found in the Qur’an (see our 2 Faces of Islam magazines).

There is NO reason to believe that “Allah” and “God” (of the Bible) are the same. The Holy Bible has many names, but not one is Allah or Moon-god or any other Arabian god name. While the Christian faith has the “Cross” as its symbol, Islam has the “Crescent moon” (and the “sword”).


THE PAGAN Arabs worshiped the Moon-god Allah by praying toward Mecca several times a day; making a pilgrimage to Mecca; running around the temple of the moon-god called the Kabah; kissing the black stone; killing an animal in sacrifice to the moon-god; throwing stones at the devil; fasting for the month which begins and ends with the crescent moon; giving alms to the poor, etc. The Muslim’s claim that Allah is the God of the Bible and that Islam arose from the religion of the prophets and apostles is refuted by solid, overwhelming archeological evidence. ISLAM IS NOTHING MORE THAN A REVIVAL OF THE ANCIENT MOON-GOD CULT. It has taken the symbols, the rites, the ceremonies, and even the name of its god from the ancient pagan religion of the Moon-god. As such, it is sheer idolatry and must be rejected by all those who follow the Torah and Gospel.